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What is a Credit Score?

Updated: Nov 29, 2023

What is a Credit Score?

If you're looking to apply for a loan or credit card, understanding your credit score is crucial. A good credit score can mean the difference between getting approved for a loan with favorable terms or getting denied altogether. In this article, we'll dive deep into the world of credit scores, including what they are, how they work, and how you can improve yours.

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What is a Credit Score?

A credit score is a numerical representation of your creditworthiness. Essentially, it's a measure of how likely you are to pay back a loan or credit card on time. Credit scores are calculated based on a number of factors, including your payment history, outstanding debt, length of credit history, and types of credit used.

There are several different credit scoring models in use today, but the most commonly used is the FICO score. FICO scores range from 300 to 850, with higher scores indicating better creditworthiness.

How is a Credit Score Calculated?

Credit scores are calculated using a complex algorithm that takes into account a wide range of factors. These factors include:

  • Payment history: This is the most important factor in determining your credit score. Late payments, collections, and bankruptcies can all negatively impact your score.

  • Credit utilization: This refers to the amount of credit you're using compared to your total credit limit. Ideally, you should aim to keep your credit utilization below 30%.

  • Length of credit history: The longer you've had credit, the better. This factor takes into account the age of your oldest account, the age of your newest account, and the average age of all your accounts.

  • Types of credit used: Lenders like to see a mix of different types of credit, such as credit cards, auto loans, and mortgages.

  • New credit: Opening several new credit accounts in a short period of time can negatively impact your credit score.

Why is a Credit Score Important?

Why is a Credit Score Important?

Your credit score is important because it's used by lenders to determine whether or not to approve you for credit. If you have a high credit score, you're more likely to be approved for loans and credit cards with better interest rates and terms.

Additionally, your credit score can impact other areas of your life, such as your ability to rent an apartment or get a job. Landlords and employers often check credit scores as a way to assess your reliability and responsibility.

How Can You Check Your Credit Score?

You can check your credit reports for free once a year from each of the three major credit reporting agencies: Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. When you check your credit report it will show all of your credit accounts and payment history. It's important to review your credit report regularly to ensure that all of the information is accurate and up-to-date.

It's important to note that when checking your credit score, the scores that lenders use are not publicly available. Many websites and credit monitoring services provide credit scores, but these scores may not be the same ones that lenders use when making lending decisions.

If you want to know your credit score as it's seen by lenders, the best website to use is provides FICO scores, which are the most commonly used credit scores by lenders. You can visit at to obtain your FICO score.

Another option is to contact Bennett Capital Partners. As a licensed mortgage brokerage, we have access to your official mortgage credit scores, which are the scores that lenders use when considering your mortgage application. Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you obtain your official mortgage credit scores.

How Can You Improve Your Credit Score?

If your credit score is lower than you'd like it to be, there are several steps you can take to improve it. These include:

Paying your bills on time: Late payments can have a significant negative impact on your

Keeping your credit utilization low: Aim to keep your credit utilization below 30%.

Avoiding new credit: Opening several new credit accounts in a short period of time can negatively impact your score.

Checking your credit report regularly: Review your credit report for errors or inaccuracies that could be negatively impacting your score.

Working with a credit counselor or financial advisor: These professionals can help you develop a plan to improve your credit score and manage your debt.

Common Credit Score Myths

7. Common Credit Score Myths

There are several myths surrounding credit scores that can be confusing or misleading. Here are a few of the most common myths:

Checking your credit score will hurt your score: This is not true. Checking your own credit score is considered a "soft inquiry" and will not negatively impact your score.

Closing a credit card will improve your score: This is also not true. Closing a credit card can actually hurt your score by lowering your available credit and shortening your credit history.

Paying off a collection account will remove it from your credit report: Unfortunately, this is not always the case. While paying off a collection account is a good thing to do, it may remain on your credit report for up to seven years.


Your credit score is an important part of your financial health. By understanding what it is, how it's calculated, and why it's important, you can take steps to improve your score and put yourself in a better position to achieve your financial goals.

Remember, improving your credit score takes time and effort, but it's worth it in the long run. By making smart financial decisions and being proactive about managing your credit, you can achieve a high credit score and enjoy the benefits that come with it.


What is a good credit score?

A good credit score is typically considered to be 700 or higher. However, the specific cutoff for a "good" score can vary depending on the lender and the type of credit you're applying for.

How long does it take to improve your credit score?

Improving your credit score can take anywhere from a few months to a few years, depending on your starting point and the steps you take to improve your score.

Will checking my credit score hurt my credit?

No, checking your credit score will not hurt your credit. However, if you apply for credit and a lender checks your credit score, that can have a temporary negative impact on your score.

Can I dispute errors on my credit report?

Yes, if you find errors or inaccuracies on your credit report, you can dispute them with the credit reporting agency. This can help improve your credit score if the errors are corrected.

Can I improve my credit score if I have a history of bad credit?

Yes, even if you have a history of bad credit, you can still take steps to improve your score. Paying your bills on time, keeping your credit utilization low, and checking your credit report regularly are all good ways to start improving your score. Working with a credit counselor or financial advisor can also be helpful in developing a plan to manage your debt and improve your credit score

About Bennett Capital Partners

Bennett Capital Partners is a licensed residential and commercial mortgage brokerage with over 20 years of experience in the industry. Our team of experts can help you navigate the complex world of mortgages and credit scores, ensuring that you get the best possible loan with favorable terms.

Located at 1101 Brickell Ave, Suite 800 in Miami FL 33131, we offer personalized service and customized solutions to meet your unique needs. Whether you're a first-time homebuyer, an experienced real estate investor, or a business owner looking for commercial financing, we're here to help.

You can contact us at 800.457.9057 or by email at to learn more about our services and how we can help you achieve your financial goals.

Philip Bennett

Philip Bennett

Philip is the owner and Licensed Mortgage Broker at Bennett Capital Partners. He earned his degree in Accounting and Finance from Binghamton University and holds a Master's Degree in Finance from NOVA Southeastern University. With more than 20 years of experience, Philip has been a leader in the mortgage industry. He has personally originated over $2 billion in residential and commercial mortgages.

Learn more about Philip Bennett's background and experience on our Founder's page. Whether you're a first-time homebuyer or a seasoned real estate investor, our team is here to help you achieve your real estate goals. Don't wait any longer, contact us today and let us help you find the right mortgage for your needs.

Discover helpful tips and tricks on mortgages by reading our blog posts

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How to improve your credit score before applying for a mortgage to learn tips and tricks to quickly improve your credit score. Click here to read the full article

How to Qualify for Mortgage Loans with Low Credit Scores to learn more about mortgage programs for people with low credit scores. Click here to read the full article

Get Your Credit Score Checked for a Mortgage Loan to learn more how you can get your official mortgage credit score checked. Click here to read the full article

5 Ways to Boost Your Credit Score Before Applying for a Mortgage to learn best practices on what you should do before applying for a mortgage. Click here to read the full article

Understanding Conventional Mortgages: A Step-by-Step Guide to learn more about conventional mortgages. Click here to read the full article



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